Today, banana consumption increases significantly in Islamic countries during Ramadan, the month of daylight fasting.  In 650, Islamic conquerors brought the banana to Palestine. The commercially important Cavendish subgroup is severely affected. , Banana crops are vulnerable to destruction by high winds, such as tropical storms or cyclones.. The term "banana" is also used as the common name for the plants that produce the fruit. The "banana" is a fruit but it grows on a herbaceous plant. Actually, if you are a botanist, a banana is neither a vegetable nor a fruit. The paper is either hand-made or by industrial process.  In April 2014, during a match at Villarreal's stadium, El Madrigal, Dani Alves was targeted by Villareal supporter David Campaya Lleo, who threw a banana at him. The most cultivated types of bananas in the world are Musa balbisiana and Musa acuminata. While the original wild bananas contained large seeds, diploid or polyploid cultivars (some being hybrids) with tiny seeds or triploid hybrids without seeds are preferred for human raw fruit consumption. This system eliminated almost all the difficulties and inconsistencies of the earlier classification of bananas based on assigning scientific names to cultivated varieties. SURELY BANANA IS AN HERB. Among other things, ethylene stimulates the formation of amylase, an enzyme that breaks down starch into sugar, influencing the taste of bananas. 1 decade ago. Going back to culinary definitions, berries are used to make spices, so the banana we eat could be described as a spice – its use in cakes is certainly spicy, but never a herb. The base of the petiole widens to form a sheath; the tightly packed sheaths make up the pseudostem, which is all that supports the plant. On arrival, bananas are held at about 17 Â°C (63 Â°F) and treated with a low concentration of ethylene. Wondering if: The banana splits and peels when the fruit is ripe. If bananas are too green, they can be put in a brown paper bag with an apple or tomato overnight to speed up the ripening process. In Tamil Nadu (India), dried banana leaves are used as to pack food and to make cups to hold liquid food items. Bananas are not herbs. Let’s deal with the easy one first. Bananas are eaten deep fried, baked in their skin in a split bamboo, or steamed in glutinous rice wrapped in a banana leaf. These hybridization events produced the triploid cultivars of bananas commonly grown today.  It is likely, however, that bananas were brought at least to Madagascar if not to the East African coast during the phase of Malagasy colonization of the island from South East Asia c. 400 CE. Wrap it tightly in … The botanist’s definition of fruit includes most of the things we usually think of as fruit, such as apples, peaches and berries. Ripe banana is consumed as a fruit, whereas the green or the raw ones are used as vegetables.  Each pseudostem normally produces a single inflorescence, also known as the "banana heart". Seeds rarely form. Green (under-ripe) bananas do not fluoresce. Apples are fruits, not trees.  No resistant cultivars have been found, but varietal differences in susceptibility have been reported. , As with all living things on earth, potassium-containing bananas emit radioactivity at very low levels occurring naturally from potassium-40 (40K or K-40), which is one of several isotopes of potassium. An alternative approach divides bananas into dessert bananas and cooking bananas, with plantains being one of the subgroups of cooking bananas. Banana plants are only herbs. , Bananas were certainly grown in the Christian Kingdom of Cyprus by the late medieval period. New York. This technology allows storage and transport for 3â4 weeks at 13 Â°C (55 Â°F).  Alves picked up the banana, peeled it and took a bite, and the meme went viral on social media in support of him. In many cases the farmer earns additional money from other crops, from engaging in labor outside the farm, and from a share of the earnings of relatives living overseas.  Researchers Norman Simmonds and Ken Shepherd proposed a genome-based nomenclature system in 1955. It is thought that bananas were grown for food for the first time in Papua New Guinea. , While in no danger of outright extinction, the most common edible banana cultivar Cavendish (extremely popular in Europe and the Americas) could become unviable for large-scale cultivation in the next 10â20 years. This treatment has been shown to more than double lifespans up to 3â4 weeks without the need for refrigeration. The plant is allowed to produce two shoots at a time; a larger one for immediate fruiting and a smaller "sucker" or "follower" to produce fruit in 6â8 months. For a list of the cultivars classified under this system, see "List of banana cultivars". The skin of ripe bananas quickly blackens in the 4 Â°C (39 Â°F) environment of a domestic refrigerator, although the fruit inside remains unaffected. Especially in the Americas and Europe, "banana" usually refers to soft, sweet, dessert bananas, particularly those of the Cavendish group, which are the main exports from banana-growing countries. It contains the seeds, protecting them and facilitating dispersal. Although bananas are commonly thought to contain exceptional potassium content, their actual potassium content is not high per typical food serving, having only 8% of the US recommended Daily Value for potassium (considered a low level of the DV, see nutrition table), and their potassium-content ranking among fruits, vegetables, legumes, and many other foods is relatively moderate. , The accepted scientific names for most groups of cultivated bananas are Musa acuminata Colla and Musa balbisiana Colla for the ancestral species, and Musa Ã paradisiaca L. for the hybrid M. acuminata Ã M.  Members of the "plantain subgroup" of banana cultivars, most important as food in West Africa and Latin America, correspond to the Chiquita description, having long pointed fruit. A fruit is the ripened ovary of a plant, and it holds the plant’s seeds. From making koftas out of raw banana to the famous banana chips - kaccha kela has several uses. Foundation characteristics of edible musa triploids revealed from allelic distribution of ssr markers. Thus the banana producer and distributor Chiquita produces publicity material for the American market which says that "a plantain is not a banana". The fruits grow in clusters hanging from the top of the plant. Banana : A Fruit or An Herb. , "Banana" is also a slur aimed at some asian people, that are said to be "yellow on the outside, white on the inside". From New Guinea, cultivated bananas spread westward into Island Southeast Asia through proximity (not migrations). The earliest modern plantations originated in Jamaica and the related Western Caribbean Zone, including most of Central America. https://askanaturalist.com/is-a-banana-a-fruit/. The vivid yellow color consumers normally associate with supermarket bananas is, in fact, caused by the artificial ripening process. Banana, fruit of the genus Musa, of the family Musaceae, one of the most important fruit crops of the world. Introductory Plant Biology. , In Southeast Asia â the center of diversity for bananas, both wild and cultivated â the distinction between "bananas" and "plantains" does not work, according to Valmayor et al. Which is nice for those of us who love the banana fruit. It can also refer to members of the genus Ensete, such as the snow banana (Ensete glaucum) and the economically important false banana (Ensete ventricosum). This includes all the things we typically think of as fruit, such as apples, pears, and berries of many kinds. The fruitful things that grow on all these plants are always fruit. A banana is an elongated, edible fruit â botanically a berry â produced by several kinds of large herbaceous flowering plants in the genus Musa. So by any definition I’m aware of, a banana is a fruit. Almost all mod… As a non-seasonal crop, bananas are available fresh year-round. Bananas can be ordered by the retailer "ungassed" (i.e. The willow is an angiosperm, a flowering plant, whereas the spruce is a gymnosperm. Although the plant is cultivated almost entirely for the production of fruit (the heart of the plant and the flowers are also edible), less than 15 percent of the fruit is exported.  The K-40 in a banana emits about 15 becquerels or 0.1 micro-sieverts (units of radioactivity exposure), an amount that does not add to the total body radiation dose when a banana is consumed. Why are These Yellow Jackets Dying in My Garage? The APG III system assigns Musaceae to the order Zingiberales, part of the commelinid clade of the monocotyledonous flowering plants. , Banana hearts are used as a vegetable in South Asian and Southeast Asian cuisine, either raw or steamed with dips or cooked in soups, curries and fried foods. These rooms are air-tight and filled with ethylene gas to induce ripening.  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