The economy of this city is based on tobacco production, food processing, textiles and brewing. It has a population of 346,893 as of 2018 [update] and 675,000 in the greater metropolitan area. 2001 census data)", Population on 01.02.2011 by provinces, municipalities, settlements and age; National Statistical Institute, Population by province, municipality, settlement and ethnic identification, by 01.02.2011; Bulgarian National Statistical Institute, "The Relations of Ethnic and Confessional Consciousness of Roma in Bulgaria", Elena Marushiakova, Vesselin Popov, Law for the territorial subdivision of the Capital municipality and the large cities, Темите на 2007–ма: Ягодово – квартал на Пловдив, Plovdiv24.com, "Античен театър – Пловдив, информация за градове, региони, забележителности::", Archaeological Museum Plovdiv – Prehistoric art, Archaeological Museum Plovdiv – Roman art, Archaeological Museum Plovdiv – Middle Ages art, Archaeological Museum Plovdiv – Panagyurishte treasure, "History of the Ivan Vazov National Library", "Structure of the Ivan Vazov National Library", "Пет големи търговски центъра слагат край на сергиите в центъра на Пловдив", "A Bulgarian-Israeli company to build a mall in Plovdiv", "Statistics of the European Cities – City of Plovdiv, "Eurostat. Later Roman coins mentioned the name which is possibly derived from Thracian god Kendriso who is equated with Apollo, the cedar forests, or from the Thracian tribe artifacts known as the kendrisi. In its ethnic character Plovdiv is the second or the third-largest cosmopolitan city inhabited by Bulgarians, after Sofia and possibly Varna.  The famous Panagyurishte treasure is part of the museum's collection.  The three-story scene is on the southern part and is decorated with friezes, cornices, and statues. Retrieved on 17 September 2010", "Население към 01.02.2011 година в област Пловдив", Bulgarian National Statistical Institute – Bulgarian towns in 2009, Demographic Features of Ottoman Upper Thrace: A Case Study On Filibe, Tatar Pazarcik and Stanımaka (1472–1614). It is the second largest city in Bulgaria (with population more than 347 840 people), with an area of 205 sq. Send to Kindle. After the fall of Communism in 1989 and the collapse of Bulgaria's planned economy, a number of industrial complexes were closed; production of lead and zinc, machinery, electronics, motor trucks, chemicals, and cosmetics have continued. Plovdiv is host to a huge variety of cultural events such as the International Fair Plovdiv, the international theatrical festival "A stage on a crossroad", the TV festival "The golden chest", and many more novel festivals, such as Night/Plovdiv in September, Kapana Fest, and Opera Open. In October and November, the laboratory capacity was further enhanced, reaching 75 laboratories certificated for PCR testing throughout the country. The abolition of Slavonic as the language of the Bulgarian Church as well as the complete abolition of the church in 1767 and the introduction of the Millet System led to ethnic division among people of different religions. Language Bulgarian; Currency Leva (BGL) Capital City Sofia; Timezone GMT + 2 hours; Find out more www.bulgariatravel.org ; Things to do.  The city's traditions as a literary centre are preserved by the first public library in Bulgaria, the Ivan Vazov National Library, the 19 chitalishta (cultural centres), and by numerous booksellers and publishers. Primary sources are the National Statistical Institute (NSI) and the Bulgarian Academy of … In the 1960s and 1970s, there was a construction boom and many of the modern neighborhoods took shape. According to these terms Bulgaria was divided in three parts - Principality of Bulgaria with Sofia as a capital; vassal to the sultan Eastern Rumelia Province with Plovdiv as a capital; and Macedonia, which was returned outright to Turkey. , Plovdiv Sports Complex consists of Plovdiv Stadium with several additional football fields, tennis courts, swimming pools, a rowing base with a 2 km-long channel, restaurants, and cafés in a spacious park in the western part of the city just south of the Maritsa river. Varna is the largest city and seaside resort on the Bulgarian Black Sea Coast. Additionally, Plovdiv … Local enterprises manufacture electric motors, electronic equipment, hydraulic machinery, and woodworking machines. Plovdiv is the administrative center of Plovdiv , Municipality Plovdiv, Maritsa Municipality and Municipality Rodopi . Bulgaria: Major Cities. Industry has been expanding since the late 1990s, with manufacturing plants being built in the city or in its outskirts mainly the municipality of Maritsa. It ranks fourth among the biggest cities in Bulgaria. Population, 260,000 (1973). Torah scrolls are kept in the gilded Aron-ha-Kodesh.. Plovdiv has a well-developed cycling infrastructure which covers almost all districts of the city. Imposing 19th and 20th-century Neo-Baroque or belle époque architecture gives Ruse a sense of grandeur unlike any other city in Bulgaria. Several hypermarkets have been built mainly on the outskirts of the city: Metro, Kaufland, Triumf, Praktiker, Billa, Mr. Bricolage, Baumax, Technopolis, Technomarket Europa, and others.  According to other data, Plovdiv was not an Ottoman possession until the Battle of Maritsa in 1371, after which, the citizens and the Bulgarian army fled leaving the city without resistance. The city name was changed to Filibe, Plovdiv was liberated from Ottoman rule during the, Plovdiv is at the center of the events that led to the, Discovery of the archeological sights in Plovdiv, the Old town was restored, Average annual number of employees under labor contract, Average salary of employees under labor contract, This page was last edited on 27 December 2020, at 22:02. Today, the majority of Bulgaria's population lives in cities. The Plovdiv Opera was established in 1953. The Sephardic Plovdiv Synagogue is at Tsar Kaloyan Street 13 in the remnants of a small courtyard in what was once a large Jewish quarter. The city has a total of 690 bike parkings. It is not hard to figure out why. The city has more than 200 archaeological sites, 30 of which are of national importance. Romania is a sovereign country in the south-eastern parts of Europe. There are a number of 19th-century churches, most of which follow the distinctive Eastern Orthodox construction style. The word that solves this crossword puzzle is 7 letters long and begins with P There are also 10 private schools and a seminary. According to the Russian census of the same year, Filibe had a population of 24,000 citizens, of which ethnic Bulgarians comprised 45.4%, Turks 23.1% and Greeks 19.9%. Under the rule of the Ottoman Empire, Filibe (as the city was known at that time) was a focal point for the Bulgarian national movement and survived as one of the major cultural centers for Bulgarian culture and tradition. It was initially built as a bulevterion, an edifice of the city council, and was later reconstructed as a theatre. Gjuzelev, p. 130 (Gjuzelev, V., (1988) Medieval Bulgaria, Byzantine Empire, Black Sea, Venice, Genoa (Centre Culturel du Monde Byzantin). Those include Shopping Center Grand, Market Center, and two more all on the Kapitan Raycho Street, Forum in Trakiya, Excelsior, and others. Oct 28, 2017 - Plovdiv is one of the favorite places for Bulgarians to spend a perfect, relaxing day and is one of the best day trips you can take from Sofia. This article looks at the top 5 most populated cities in Bulgaria. Due to the high demand for business office space, new office and commercial buildings have been built. It was discovered by the Belgian astronomer Eric W. Elst and the Bulgarian astronomer Violeta G. Ivanova on 8 August 1986. Society | June 3, 2019, Monday // 13:18 | Views: | Comments: 0. Therefore, the census number is a deflation of the number of Roma people, and they are most likely the second-largest group after the Bulgarians, most of all because the Muslim Roma in Plovdiv claim to be of Turkish ethnicity and Turkish-speaking at the census ("Xoraxane Roma"). Total population: 7 101 859.  The ancient ruins tell a story of a vibrant, growing city with numerous public buildings, shrines, baths, theatres, a stadium, and the only developed ancient water supply system in Bulgaria.  During the Byzantine–Bulgarian wars, the emperor Basil the Bulgar-Slayer (r. 960–1025) used Philippopolis as a major strategic fortification, governed by the protospatharios Nikephoros Xiphias. According to the 1946 census, Plovdiv was the second largest city with 126,563 inhabitants compared to 487,000 for the capital.. Plovdiv is the second largest city in Bulgaria, and its urban area has a population of 544,628 people. However, it was destroyed again by Attila's Huns in 441–442 and by the Goths of Teodoric Strabo in 471. As of the 1887 census, Plovdiv was the largest city in the country for several years with 33,032 inhabitants compared to 30,428 for Sofia.  It possesses 5,000 pieces of art in four buildings. The Bulgarian Navy is stationed here as well. The total length of the cycling roads is 60 kilometres (37 miles) (48 kilometres (30 miles) are completed and 12 kilometres (7.5 miles) are under construction). This city is one of the oldest ones in the whole world and is known with many ancient names. The average January temperature is −0.4 °C (31 °F). Varna is the third most populated Bulgarian city with a population of 334,870 in an area of 59.5 square miles. An exquisite Venetian glass chandelier hangs from the center of the ceiling, which has a richly painted dome. One of the country's smaller, but most well-known, cities is Sighișoara. As soon as you step off the bus from the capital of Sofia, you can feel the change in pace of life.  Thracian necropolises dating back to the 2nd–3rd millennium BCE have been discovered, while the Thracian town was established between the 2nd and the 1st millennium BCE.. There are three railway stations: – Plovdiv Central, Trakia, and Filipovo – as well as a freight station.. Hills of Plovdiv •, "This Plovdiv is the biggest and loveliest of all cities. It is the most densely populated city in Bulgaria, with 3,769 inhabitants per km2. , Around two thirds of the citizens (62,38%) have secondary, specialized, or higher education. This city is home to several museums, archaeological ruins, churches, and monasteries. At times the name was Ulpia, Flavia, Julia after the Roman families. Image of town, second, summer - 137425943 Modern Plovdiv covers an area of 101 km2 (39 sq mi), less than 0.1% of Bulgaria's total area. It is located in the large plain between the Rhodope Mountains in the south of Bulgaria and the Balkan Range, or Old Mountains (Stara Planina) that runs through the center of Bulgaria. "Philip's city") after Philip II of Macedon. Bucharest is the capital and the largest city in the country. In Plovdiv, there are many churches, two mosques and one synagogue (see Plovdiv Synagogue). The city was conquered by the Russians under Aleksandr Burago for several hours during the Battle of Philippopolis on 17 January 1878. There are many remains from antiquity. Sofia is the biggest and the most developed city and district in Bulgaria. A transportation junction, Plovdiv is an important center for the machine-building and electrotechnical industries. It is home to a number of state colleges and private colleges as well as 6 universities. , Between 1875 and 1906, the Zariphios School was one of the local Greek educational institutions that provided elementary and secondary education. It is home to a number of state colleges and private colleges as well as 6 universities. Plovdiv Peak (1,040 m or 3,412 ft) on Livingston Island in the South Shetland Islands, Antarctica, is also named after Plovdiv. According to this program, there will be an Island of Arts in the middle of the Maritsa River in Plovdiv. On 6 April 1956 the first trolleybus line was opened and in the 1950s the Trimontsium Hotel was constructed. Ruse is Bulgaria’s fifth largest city. It is located in the Sofia Valley and surrounded by the Vitosha and Balkan mountains and has been an important human settlement since 7000 BC. Spring begins in March and is cooler than autumn.  As a result, the name has lost any meaning. The Old Town of Plovdiv is a historic preservation site known for its Bulgarian Renaissance architectural style.  The names Dulon polis (Greek: ΔΟΥΛΩΝ ΠΟΛΙΣ "slaves' town") and possibly Moichopolis (Greek: ΜΟΙΧΟΠΟΛΙΣ "adulterer's town") likely have similar origins. Football is the most popular sport in the city; Plovdiv has three professional teams. Делев, "Българската държава и общество при управлението на цар Петър". By GRIGOR BOYKOV. In October, a 33-year-old man died in Sofia after waiting for an ambulance for hours. Plovdiv has three large shopping centers: the €40 million Mall of Plovdiv (opened 2009) with a shopping area of 22,000 m2 (236,806.03 sq ft), 11 cinema halls, and parking for 700 cars; Markovo tepe Mall (opened 2016); and Plovdiv Plaza Mall which is 6 stories high with 127 000 m2 area, half of which is the parking lot and the rest is shopping area. Bulgarian Historical Review, p. 9 (Bulgarian Historical Review (2005), United Center for Research and Training in History, published by Publishing House of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, v.33:no.1–4). The Roman Odeon was restored in 2004. Travel.  The city of Plovdiv is the second largest city in Bulgaria and one of the best-preferred travel destinations, not only because of its huge cultural and archaeological heritage, but also due to its central location, offering a variety of tourist attractions and activities. Things to Do in Plovdiv, the second largest city in Bulgaria: Dzhumaya Mosque. Iași is also an important educational center, and it is home to the oldest university in Romania. Society | June 3, 2019, Monday // 13:18 | Views: | Comments: 0. The city has been continuously inhabited since 4000 BC. The economy of this city is based on tobacco production, food processing, textiles and brewing. Best Answer for Second-Largest City In Bulgaria Crossword Clue. It has been used for a number of festivals and art events, attracting visitors from all over Bulgaria and the world.  The town became part of the Odrysian kingdom (460 BCE – 46 CE), a Thracian tribal union. Tweet ; Share. Общински план за развитие на Пловдив 2005 – 2013 г. Industry has been the sole leader in attracting investment. The vast majority of the inhabitants are Christians, mostly Eastern Orthodox, Catholics, Eastern Catholics, and Protestant trends (Adventists, Baptists and others). In that period, Plovdiv became the birthplace of Bulgaria's movement for democratic reform, which by 1989 had garnered enough support to enter government. , Byzantine rule was interrupted by the Third crusade (1189–1192) when the army of the Holy Roman emperor Frederick Barbarossa conquered Philippopolis. Feb 7, 2013 - Plovdiv, the second biggest city in Bulgaria. German, French, and Belgian capital was invested in the city in the development of modern trade, banking, and industry. During the Period of National Revival, a number of notable icon-painters (called in Bulgarian zografi, зографи) from all regions of the country worked in Plovdiv such as – Dimitar Zograf, his son Zafir Zograf, Zahari Zograf, Georgi Danchov, and others.  After the Liberation, the Bulgarian painter of Czech origin Ivan Mrkvička came to work in the city. Plovdiv (Bulgarian: Пловдив) is the second-largest city in Bulgaria, and one of the oldest cities in Europe. In British English the Bulgarian variant Plòvdiv has become prevalent after World War I. City Country Official population Date 2011 Eurostat population Image Location Ref. The city has PFC Botev Plovdiv, founded in 1912 and PFC Lokomotiv, founded in 1926. With more than one million inhabitants, Sofia has three times as many people as the next largest cities, Plovdiv and Varna. Image of roof, house, aerial - 158908651 The oldest part of the fortress was constructed from large syenite blocks, the so-called "cyclopean construction". The Dzhumaya Mosque in Plovdiv which is the second largest city in Bulgaria. This name is most likely a Thracian oral translation of the other as it kept all consonants of the name Philip + deva (city). Do you know the answer? Roughly 300km north-east of Sofia on the banks of the Danube River, just 75 km’s south of Bucharest, Romania. 80 – Космополитен град. Today the city has more than 40 art galleries with most of them being privately owned.  Soloists such as Dmitri Shostakovich, Sviatoslav Richter, Mstislav Rostropovich, Yuri Boukov, and Mincho Minchev have worked with the Plovdiv Philharmonic. The biggest debts are piled up in major cities and in the northwestern Bulgaria. As the city has been a gathering center for Orthodox Christians for a long period of time, Plovdiv is surrounded by several monasteries located at the foot of the Rhodope Mountains such as "St. George", "St. Kozma and Damian", St. Kirik, and Yulita (Ulita). The richer citizens constructed beautiful houses, many of which can still be seen in the architectural reserve of Old Plovdiv. Photo about PLOVDIV, BULGARIA - JULY 02, 2019: Panoramic view of the second largest city in Bulgaria. It is divided into two parts with 14 rows each divided with a horizontal lane. The first educational institution outside the US was founded here, and it even has a yearly festival named the International Fair Plovdiv that shows how important culture is for the city and the region as a whole. The number of registered private automobiles in the city increased from 178,104 in 2005 to 234,298 in 2009. Plovdiv (Bulgarian: Пловдив, pronounced [ˈpɫɔvdif]) is the second-largest city of Bulgaria, standing on the banks of the Maritsa river in the historical region of Thrace. It is among the most important museums in the country with rich collections in its Paleontology, Mineralogy, and Botanic sections.  The city continued to prosper, with the walls restored in the 12th century, during which the historian and politician Niketas Choniates was its governor and the physician Michael Italikos was its metropolitan bishop. The city has been called Philippopolis (ΦΙΛΙΠΠΟΠΟΛΙΣ pronounced [pilpopolis]; Greek: Φιλιππούπολη, in modern Greek, Philippoupoli pronounced [filipupoli]) or "the city of Philip", from Greek Philippos "horse-lover", most likely in honor of Philip II of Macedon after his death or in honor of Philip V, as this name was first mentioned in the 2nd century BCE by Polybius in connection with the campaign of Philip V. Philippopolis was identified later by Plutarch and Pliny as the former Poneropolis. Махали и квартали в ново време), Art and Society of Bulgaria in the Turkish Period: A Sketch of the Economic, Juridical, and Artistic Preconditions of Bulgarian Post-Byzantine Art and Its Place in the Development of the Art of the Christian Balkans, 1360/70-1700 : a New Interpretation, p. 83, Provisional Russian Administration in Bulgaria, University of Plovdiv "Paisiy Hilendarski", List of twin towns and sister cities in Bulgaria, "Functional Urban Areas – Population on 1 January by age groups and sex", "Population on 1 January by broad age group, sex and metropolitan regions", "Population and Demographic Processes in 2014 (Final data) – National statistical institute", 10.1093/acref/9780199545568.001.0001/acref-9780199545568-e-4980, 10.1093/acref/9780195046526.001.0001/acref-9780195046526-e-4300, 10.1093/acref/9780198662778.001.0001/acref-9780198662778-e-3702, "Plovdiv to be 2019 European Capital of Culture in Bulgaria", "Philippopolis, Thrace (I-VII c.) - Ivo Topalilov - Academia.edu", http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A2008.01.0292%3Asection%3D10, http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0006%3Aalphabetic+letter%3DP%3Aentry+group%3D4%3Aentry%3Dphilippopolis-2. 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