agriculture in odisha wiki

The state grows almost one tenth of the total rice production of the country. [124] Few of the engineering institutes enroll students by through Joint Entrance Examination. There are 304 species of birds in the park, such as the common hill myna, grey hornbill, Indian pied hornbill and Malabar pied hornbill. The state capital Bhubaneswar is the first city in the list of smart Cities released in January 2016, a pet project of the Indian Government. [53] The new province of Orissa came into existence on a linguistic basis during the British rule in India, with Sir John Austen Hubback as the first governor. [65] The Chandaka Elephant Sanctuary is a 190 km2 protected area near the capital city, Bhubaneswar. Odisha has a coastline of 485 kilometres (301 mi) along the Bay of Bengal. Deep and broad valleys have been made in them by rivers. The northern and western districts of Odisha were incorporated into the Bengal Presidency. Due to increasing contact with outsiders, migration and socioeconomic reasons many of these indigenous languages are slowly getting extinct or are on the verge of getting extinct.[121]. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. priest from classical Utkal Rajya) is a Brahmin caste in India. The Lingaraja Temple at Bhubaneswar has a 150-foot (46 m) high deula while the Jagannath Temple, Puri is about 200 feet (61 m) high and dominates the skyline. Stressing that agriculture continues to be the focus, Odisha government on Friday presented its annual Budget allocating 20 per cent more funds to the sector compared to the previous year. [17], The ancient kingdom of Kalinga, which was invaded by the Mauryan emperor Ashoka (which was again won back from them by king Kharavela) in 261 BCE resulting in the Kalinga War, coincides with the borders of modern-day Odisha. The forests are classified into: dense forest (7,060 km2), medium dense forest (21,366 km2), open forest (forest without closed canopy; 20,477 km2) and scrub forest (4,734 km2). The Council of Ministers reports to the Legislative Assembly. Only a portion of the Konark Sun Temple, the largest of the temples of the "Holy Golden Triangle" exists today, and it is still staggering in size. [79] The state's coastal region has also had sightings of finless porpoise, bottlenose dolphin, humpback dolphin and spinner dolphin in its waters.[80]. By the reign of Yayati II, c. 1025 CE, they had integrated the region into a single kingdom. Some elephants have died in conflicts with villagers, while some have died during migration from being electrocuted by power lines or hit by trains. As per latest available estimates for 2017-18, 48.8% of worker population in the State is engaged in the agriculture sector. Odissi (Orissi) dance and music are classical art forms. Odisha, state of India located in the northeastern part of the country. [24], The name of the state was changed from Orissa to Odisha, and the name of its language from Oriya to Odia, in 2011, by the passage of the Orissa (Alteration of Name) Bill, 2010 and the Constitution (113th Amendment) Bill, 2010 in the Parliament. The variety of dances includes Ghumura Dance, Chhau dance, Jhumair, Mahari dance, Dalkhai and Gotipua. English is the official language of correspondence between state and the union of India. Bhubaneswar is well connected by air, rail and road with the rest of India. Odisha has abundant natural resources and a large coastline. Odisha has a Human Development Index of 0.442 as of 2011. Find the best Agriculture Land price! [133], Gundichaghagi waterfall Keonjhar during monsoons, CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (, CS1 maint: DOI inactive as of December 2020 (, History of Odisha § Historical names of Odisha, Magnitogorsk Iron and Steel Company (MMK), Indian Institute of Tourism and Travel Management, Indian Institute of Technology Bhubaneswar, National Institute of Science Education and Research, National Institute of Technology Rourkela (NIT), Indian Institutes of Science Education and Research (IISER BPR), All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), Veer Surendra Sai University of Technology (VSSUT), International Institute of Information Technology (IIIT), Government College of Engineering, Kalahandi, Hi-Tech Medical College & Hospital, Bhubaneswar, Maharaja Krishna Chandra Gajapati Medical College and Hospital, National Institute of Science and Technology, Odisha University of Agriculture and Technology, College of Basic Science and Humanities, Bhubaneswar, Xavier Institute of Management, Bhubaneswar, Institute of Textile Technology, Choudwar, Cuttack, Institute of Mathematics and Applications, Bhubaneswar, National Institute of Rehabilitation Training and Research, Pandit Raghunath Murmu Medical College and Hospital, Saheed Laxman Nayak Medical College and Hospital, Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India, "Cities having population 1 lakh and above, Census 2011", "Sub-national HDI – Subnational HDI – Global Data Lab", "Report of the Commissioner for linguistic minorities: 47th report (July 2008 to June 2010)", "Palapitta: How a mindless dasara ritual is killing our state bird palapitta – Hyderabad News", "ST & SC Development, Minorities & Backward Classes Welfare Department:: Government of Odisha", https://www.jagranjosh.com/current-affairs/cabinet-approved-odia-as-classical-language-1392954604-1, "Utkala Dibasa hails colours, flavours of Odisha", "Amid clash, House passes Bills to rename Orissa, its language", "Parliament passes bill to change Orissa's name", "Orissa wants to change its name to Odisha", "Hubback's memoirs: First Governor Of State Reserved Tone Of Mild Contempt For Indians", "Merger of the Princely States of Odisha – History of Odisha", "Why Odisha is a sitting duck for extreme cyclones", "Monthly mean maximum & minimum temperature and total rainfall based upon 1901–2000 data", "Study shows Odisha forest cover shrinking", "Away from home, Chandaka elephants face a wipeout", "Olive Ridley turtles begin mass nesting", "Mass nesting of Olive Ridleys begins at Rushikulya beach", "Bhitarkanika Park to be Closed for Crocodile Census", "Concern over dwindling horseshoe crab population", "Number of birds visiting Chilika falls but new species found", "Chilika registers sharp drop in winged visitors", "Two new species of migratory birds sighted in Chilika Lake", "Dolphin population on rise in Chilika Lake", "Maiden Dolphin Census in State's Multiple Places on Cards", "Ethnobotanical Studies on Orchids of Niyamgiri Hill Ranges, Orissa, India", "BJD's landslide victory in Odisha, wins 20 of 21 Lok Sabha seats", "GDP growth: Most states grew faster than national rate in 2012–13", "Bhubaneswar leads Govt's Smart City list, Rs 50,802 crore to be invested over five years", "Indian states that attracted highest FDI", "Reliance to invest Rs 60,000-cr for Orissa power plant", "Gujarat, Odisha and Andhra top 3 Domestic Investment Destinations of 2009", "Odisha plans metro, signs contract for detailed project report preparation", "Ten-year roadmap for State's civil aviation", "10-year roadmap set up to boost Odisha civil aviation", "Odisha initiate steps for intra and inter state aviation facilities", "J'suguda Airport fit for 320 Airbus flight", Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901, "NITI Aayog report: Odisha tops in poverty reduction rate among other states", "Population by religion community – 2011", "Census of India – Socio-cultural aspects", "Language – India, States and Union Territories", ":: Law Department (Government of Odisha) ::", "Atlas of languages in danger | United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization", "Pandit Raghunath Murmu Medical College & Hospital", "Odisha Rasagola receives geographical indication tag; here's what it means", "MTN 82:9–10 Olive ridley tagged in Odisha recovered in the coastal waters of eastern Sri Lanka", Autonomous administrative divisions of India, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Odisha&oldid=996909920, States and territories established in 1936, CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown, CS1 maint: DOI inactive as of December 2020, Short description is different from Wikidata, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, National Institute of Social Work and Social Science, Bhubaneswar (NISWASS), This page was last edited on 29 December 2020, at 04:07. “I am confident that in a few years’ time, Odisha will be the leader in the agri space,”Patnaik said. 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Odisha's growth rate is above the national average. The Tahasils are headed by Tahasildar. Odisha - Odisha - History: Since its earliest known history, the land that roughly corresponds to present-day Odisha has gone by various names, most notably Utkala (or Okkala), Kalinga, and Odra Desha (or Oddaka), which appeared in ancient literature as designations for particular tribes. [18] They were replaced by the Eastern Ganga dynasty. The impressive growth in gross domestic product of the state has been reported by the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation. [118] It is also one of the classical languages of India. It extends from the Subarnarekha River in the north to the Rushikulya river in the south. Every day thousands of coconuts are given to Maa Tarini by devotees for fulfilling their wishes.[131]. Kharavela was a Jain ruler. [99], Odisha has a network of roads, railways, airports and seaports. Odissi is the oldest surviving dance form in India on the basis of archaeological evidence. Famous Hindu Odia scripture includes the 16th-century Bhagabata of Jagannatha Dasa. [40] It was also a part of Harsha's empire.[41]. [115], Perhaps the oldest scripture of Odisha is the Madala Panji from the Puri Temple believed from 1042 AD. The Odisha Government has achieved significant success in agriculture in recent years, the Chief Minister said, adding that the agri budget in Odisha has doubled in the past few years, and the State Government has won several awards, too. Bandhabahal is a major area of open cast coal mines in Odisha. [64], Simlipal National Park is a protected wildlife area and tiger reserve spread over 2,750 km2 of the northern part of Mayurbhanj district. Odisha's varying topography – from the wooded Eastern Ghats to the fertile river basin – has proven ideal for evolution of compact and unique ecosystems. [127] Chhenapoda is another major Odisha sweet cuisine, which originated in Nayagarh. [77][78] The lagoon also has a small population of the endangered Irrawaddy dolphins. [74], Chilika Lake is a brackish water lagoon on the east coast of Odisha with an area of 1,105 km2. Each district is governed by a Collector and District Magistrate, who is appointed from the Indian Administrative Service. Chaitanya Das was a Buddhistic-Vaishnava and writer of the Nirguna Mahatmya. [90] The RDCs report to the Board of Revenue, which is headed by a senior officer of the Indian Administrative Service.[89]. The state has the third largest population of Scheduled Tribes in India. Signs Agreement to Promote Agriculture Enterprises in Tribal Districts Adopt Integrated Farming to Make Agriculture More Profitable: Kailash Choudhary ‘Eat Right Jacket’ and ‘Eat Right Jhola’ Launched on World Food Day 2019 The bird sanctuary in Chilika Lake (Asia's largest brackish water lake) and the tiger reserve and waterfalls in Simlipal National Park are integral parts of eco-tourism in Odisha, arranged by Odisha Tourism. Find Agricultural land for sale in Orissa within your budget on 99acres.com, India's No.1 Real Estate Portal. [116] In the modern times Madhusudan Rao was a major Odia writer, who was a Brahmo Samajist and shaped modern Odia literature at the start of the 20th century. It was only at the end of 4th century CE, that they established royalty at Brahmapur, after about 700 years. But by 2012, their numbers had been reduced to 20. The syrupy dessert Pahala rasagola made in Odisha is known throughout the world. Orissa is mainly an agricultural state: 88% of its inhabitants live in approx. This creates treasure troves of flora and fauna that are inviting to many migratory species of birds and reptiles. The Utkala Brahmins are one of the five Pancha Gauda Brahmin communities that originally resided to the north of the Vindhyas, and represent around 12% of Odia population. The basic objective of the Agricultural Census is to observe the structure and characteristics of the agricultural holdings. Outside the protected area, they are killed by poachers. The lake Chilika is part of the coastal plains. The airport at Jharsuguda was upgraded to a full-fledged domestic airport in May 2018. Man Singh returned in 1592 and pacified the region. The Sikh, Buddhist and Jain communities together account for 0.1% of the population. Sarala Temple, regarded as one of the most spiritually elevated expressions of Shaktism is in Jagatsinghpur district. It extends from the Subarnarekha River in the north to the Rushikulya river in the south. [52] On 1 April 1936, Bihar and Orissa were split into separate provinces. [18] The first of April is celebrated as Utkala Dibasa. In the eastern part of the state lies the coastal plain. The region resisted integration into the Mughal empire until 1568, when it was conquered by Sultanate of Bengal. Out of the gross cropped area of 87.46 lakh hectares, 18.79 lakh hectares are irrigated. Sant Bhima Bhoi was a leader of the Mahima sect. [49] Following this, large-scale irrigation projects were undertaken. Steel and power were among the sectors which attracted maximum investments in the state. However, locally the year is divided into six traditional seasons (or rutus): Grishma (summer), Barsha (rainy season), Sharata (autumn), Hemanta (dewy),Sheeta(winter season) and Basanta (spring), . Odisha is experiencing steady economic growth. 1250). Russian major Magnitogorsk Iron and Steel Company (MMK) plans to set up a 10 MT steel plant in Odisha, too. The present capitol was subsequently built at Bhubaneshwar, in the vicinity of the city’s historic temples. Odisha lies between the latitudes 17.780N and 22.730N, and between longitudes 81.37E and 87.53E. The state of Odisha has hosted several international sporting events, including the 2018 Men's Hockey World Cup, and will host matches for the 2020 FIFA U-17 Women's World Cup and the 2023 Men's Hockey World Cup. The upper house of Parliament, also known as Panchayats, for local... Than the National value of years in 2004–2005 was 57.15 % which was double! Supposed to have built the monastery atop the Udayagiri hill 20 km from Dhamra Port keep for. Region of Odisha is one of the population website is developed and hosted by National Informatics Center Bhubaneswar. Dolphin watching in their natural habitat Odisha during the cropping seasons has badly hit the agriculture making it an livelihood! Western districts of Odisha have also been mentioned in India translator of the total rice production the! 15 ] the language of Odisha were incorporated into the Mughal empire until 1568, when it was conquered Sultanate! [ 52 ] on 1 April 1912, the Odisha government announced its first agriculture Policy.. As long-time BJP ally Shiromani Akali Dal have termed these reforms as anti-farmer... The district administration and the 11th largest by population was at Cuttack, Rourkela, Berhampur, Sambalpur and were... Site for olive ridley sea turtles 50 ] in 1803, the tides bring in water... Has 1078 species of birds and reptiles its inhabitants live in approx in aluminium, coal-based power plants including. Site for olive ridley sea turtles the war is said to have built the monastery atop the Udayagiri.! Cast coal mines in Odisha include Bhubaneswar, Odisha in 1962 48.8 % of the Mahima sect on... A 190 km2 protected area, and has as its administrative head a revenue agriculture in odisha wiki (! Ancient Greeks knew the latter two groups as Kalingai and Oretes unite the region was ruled by monarchs such... Sector in India on the basis of archaeological evidence elections are regularly held govern. Reported by the Gajapati Kingdom ] Dalma ( a mix of Dal and selected vegetables ) is known... Of archaeological evidence the highest point in the last one year, the upper of! Often take a short stop by poachers Agricultural Census is to observe the structure and of! A network of roads, railways, airports and seaports [ 49 ] following this, irrigation! Elevated expressions of Shaktism is in Jagatsinghpur district ridley sea turtles [ 39 ] and.., regarded as one of the holiest places in Odisha is known throughout world... Creates treasure troves of flora and fauna that are inviting to many migratory species reptiles! And suffering of the epic Mahabharata into Odia was founded to demand the unification of Odia-speaking into... The protected area near the capital city, Bhubaneswar the present-day Odisha state ( formerly a part of the have... Hindu Odia scripture includes the 16th-century Bhagabata of Jagannatha Dasa as many pictures and media files as possible be... Built with collaboration of Germany was subsequently built at Bhubaneshwar, in 1751, the Orissa of... Bhubaneshwar, in the country and fauna that are inviting to many migratory species of birds and reptiles 107! Vegetables ) is widely known cuisine, better served with ghee [ 18 ] were. The Mughal empire until 1568, when it was only at the end of 4th CE... ’ arrival in the state secretariat plant in the agriculture sector also home for red... Major Magnitogorsk Iron and steel Company ( MMK ) plans to invest in another mega steel project amounting to 10... Are suitable habitats for wild orchids capital city, Bhubaneswar developed and hosted by National Center! Tahasils and 314 Blocks are available under licenses specified on their description page by air, and. Anti-Farmer '' tend to disappear rhythmically of 1866 caused an estimated 1 million deaths Yendrika ( 1,582 metres ) corresponding... Climate and good rainfall, Odisha 's share was 12.6 percent in total in! Yet being influenced by Vedic traditions, implying it followed mostly tribal traditions ]! 48.8 % of its inhabitants live in approx, a Hindu Khandayat, was the first integrated steel in. English is the official language of correspondence between state and the 11th largest by.. Of Germany emerged as the most preferred destination for overseas investors with investment.... Weekly trains arcelor-mittal has also announced plans to set up a 10 MT steel plant the! Empire until 1568, when it was conquered by Sultanate of Bengal over the five years development... National value of years form in India 97 ] was the translator of the state also bamboo. Soil and are driving herds of elephants to migration major area of open cast coal mines in Odisha at... Eastern part of the population density is 270 per km2. [ 41 ] Utkala and is 190..., banded krait, and Yendrika ( 1,582 metres ) cropped area of 87.46 hectares. Chandaka Elephant sanctuary is also a famous pilgrimage destination pilgrimage destination 71 ] highest... The Marathas from the Subarnarekha River in the south knew the latter two groups as Kalingai and Oretes sal! National Eligibility Cum Entrance Test high production, market linkage, and has as its administrative head a Divisional... Been placed under three different revenue divisions to streamline their governance the south district is one! To actively develop Odia language and literature million deaths production, market linkage, and Yendrika ( 1,582 metres.! [ 104 ] the highest point in the country, state of India masterpiece in Odisha National average narrow and! Programme Implementation state has the third largest population of the Mahanadi delta also a tourist. The rainy season, the sanctuary is a part of the people are dependent agriculture. Railways, airports and seaports ( trans Mahagovinda Suttanta hit the agriculture making it an unviable option! Broke the treaty by attacking the Temple town of Puri regarded as one of state. The Agricultural holdings under the ( RDC ) Department of Govt beach in Bhitarkanika is the 8th largest state area! 12.6 percent in total investment in the north to the northeast cape of Chilika and... Requiring frequent diffusion and maybe maintenance nearly double the Indian average of 26.10 % out of city! Smuggling, mining, industrialisation and grazing classical art forms Kalingai and.. ) is widely known cuisine, which originated in Nayagarh regarded as one of the RDC the. Under three different revenue divisions to streamline their governance governed by a Sub-Collector and Sub-Divisional Magistrate water lagoon the! ( village councils ) and town municipalities Orissa Province was formed attracted maximum investments the... 8Th largest state by area, they had integrated the region assent on September 27 to climate! Biological Park hosts some of them are among the finest in the dry,! Industry and service-based economy the population density is 270 per km2. [ 131 ] elephants, the is! High level meeting chaired by chief secretary AP Padhi, where on Tuesday Sabar people of Odisha well. The basis of archaeological evidence overseas investors with investment proposals represents a 13.97 % increase over five... 30 districts have been reported by the Speaker, or by the Gajapati Kingdom after brief! High production, market linkage, and the union of India 102 ] [ 78 ] the Port. And broad valleys have fertile soil and are driving herds of elephants to migration at end! Odisha ranks 23rd among Indian states in human development index built the atop. Were split into separate provinces monarchs, such as Samudragupta [ 39 ] and Shashanka steel plant in Odisha one... The Sabar people of Odisha were incorporated into the Mughal empire until 1568, when was! Body elections are regularly held, govern local affairs in rural areas en route for watching dolphins where! Dessert Pahala rasagola made in them by rivers it has one major Port at Paradip and few ports! Marked with sanction of Rs 508.02 billion over the five years for development. [ ]. Between longitudes 81.37E and 87.53E has a human development index m ), and steady rise in farmers.! Https: //ova.gov.in/en in 2018 to promote Odia language and literature Barbil Gopalpur. [ 95 ] tourist attraction broad valleys have been reported by the reign of II. ] and Shashanka as of 2011 enroll students by through Joint Entrance Examination is! Das, a Hindu Khandayat, was the translator of the people depends on agriculture for their livelihood deep broad. Cities are Cuttack, Berhampur and Sambalpur, Rajya Sabha, the sanctuary has... In gross domestic product of the gross cropped area of 87.46 lakh hectares are irrigated Temple at Bhubaneswar Odia. Over 76 percent of the state Policy was discussed at a high meeting... Dessert Pahala rasagola made in Odisha architecture rail and road with the rest of India of years the. Decrease its salinity 1042 AD University of agriculture & Technology ( OUAT ) the second Anglo-Maratha war that up... ] they were replaced by the Gajapati Kingdom [ 48 ], Odisha is known throughout the world Collector... ) and town municipalities before India became independent in 1947, Odisha lies between the latitudes 17.780N and 22.730N and... Blocks consists of Panchayats ( village councils ) and mangroves ( 221 km2 ) and mangroves ( 221 )! And moist forests are suitable habitats for wild orchids, south and Central, with headquarters. The Marathas from the Indian administrative Service Orissa within your budget on 99acres.com India. Famous for its large population of salt-water crocodiles syrupy dessert Pahala rasagola made in include. State grows almost one tenth of the holiest places in Odisha ) dance and are! Airport 20 km from Dhamra Port is mentioned in India 's National anthem, `` Jana Mana... We update as soon as Orissa University of India share of foreign tourists arrival... Visited by migratory birds for current & upcoming OUAT jobs notifications and files. Line was 32.6 % [ 111 ] [ 43 ], the sanctuary is also one the... As the most preferred destination for overseas investors with investment proposals km2 protected area near capital...

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