lesson on direct and reported speech

“Do you have a pen I could borrow,” he asked. Teaching students reported or indirect speech can be complicated by the all the changes that are required when moving from direct speech into reported speech. Chris asked, “Would you like to have dinner with me tomorrow night?”, (“Voy a Londres la semana que viene,” ella dijo. For example: T: I like it. say, tell, ask, etc.) Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. Direct and Indirect Speech! ), (“¿Tienes un bolígrafo que puedas prestarme?,” él preguntó. "Get out of the car!" The second part of the direct speech starts with a capital letter if it is a new sentence. In writing, this will usually be dialogue. Does the barber cut his own hair?” Set a two minute time limit and have the students discuss in pairs. Objectives At the end of the discussion, the students are expected to: 1. read and listen to a speech excerpt “Role of Media II. And finally, at the end of the lesson there are some exercises for practice. To confirm your profile and log in, open the mail message and click on the included link. Lorsqu’on rapporte une phrase, il n’y a plus besoin de faire des citations, donc les guillemets disparaissent. In direct speech, we quote the exact words that a person said. S1: He said he liked it. Si en français, la subordonnée est introduite par « … Below is a table We sometimes use “that” in affirmative and negative sentences to introduce what the other person has said. Reported Speech: The part of the sentence that is quoted or paraphrased. We usually use a reporting verb (e.g. Direct and Reported Speech For Students 4th - 10th Use an instructional resource for teaching your class about direct speech, reported speech, or indirect speech as well. Direct speech Indirect speech The doctor said to me, "Stop smoking!". Note: With “would”, “could”, “should”, “might” y “ought to”, the verb tense does not change. When transforming statements, check whether you have to change: 1. pronouns 2. tense 3. place and time expression For example: Scott said, “I am coming to work. In general, when we use indirect or reported speech, the verb tense changes. A keen grasp of correct tense usage, as well as the ability to correctly shift pronouns and time expressions, is essential when using reported speech. The verb tense also changes in indirect or reported speech with some of the modal verbs. If they hear it in reported speech they put it back to direct speech and vice versa. ), (Chris preguntó, “¿Te gustaría cenar conmigo mañana por la noche?”). CUMHURIYET UNIVERSITY DEPARTMENT OF FOREIGN LANGUAGE EDUCATION A SAMPLE LESSON PLAN AN INTEGRATED SKILLS LESSON WITH GRAMMAR FOCUS Teacher’s Criterion Level At least %75 of the students will be able use reported speech in daily life and classroom activities. Which of the following sentences are written correctly? In this lesson you have learnt about direct and indirect speech and how to punctuate it properly. A lesson plan that presents teaching and learning resources on direct and indirect speech. Ask important informationIncorporate questioning techniques. In order to complete the subscription, please click the link in the email we have just sent you. Sometimes we break up the direct speech into 2 parts: The second part of the direct speech starts with a small letter if it is the same sentence as the first part of the direct speech. By the end of this lesson, students will be able to: Form statements in indirect speech. We write the exact words inside the inverted commas. A veces se usa “that” en las frases afirmativas y negativas para introducir lo que ha dicho la otra persona. Reporting clause after a question or exclamation. We write a full stop (.) I will be late because there is a lot of traffic now.”. “You should do your homework before you come to class” is the reported speech for the direct speech example, and “I should do my homework before I come to class” is the reported speech for the indirect speech example. The message can take 5 minutes to get into your inbox. Here are some other useful reporting verbs. Below is a table with an explanation of the tense changes in indirect or reported speech. "Could you please be quiet," she In direct speech, what the person has said is placed within quotation marks (“…”) and should be word for word. First off, students should understand that reported speech is quite useful in conversational English as relating what someone has said using "quote" and "unquote" is awkward at best. If you don't receive the email, check your spam folder or request another one. If the reporting clause is before a question or exclamation: We write a question mark (?) reply (replied)            ask (asked)                comment (commented), agree (agreed)          shout (shouted)        admit (admitted). Reported Speech focuses more on the content of what someone said rather than their exact words The structure of the independent clause depends on whether the speaker is reporting a statement, a question or a command. In this chapter, we will learn all about Direct and Indirect speech and how to convert one into another. Direct speech is a form of speech where the speaker gives first hand information, whereas indirect speech is reported on behalf of someone else. Instead of introducing this topic using a range of different tenses, stick with a very simple structure for this first lesson.“He said he liked soccer.” where both verbs are past tense, would be ideal. So, direct speech is what someone actually says? and then change the tense of what was actually said in direct speech. The policeman ordered him to get out of the car. Upon completion of this lesson, students will be able to: 1. define direct speech and indirect speech 2. distinguish between direct and indirect speech 3. list the rules for converting direct speech to indirect speech and indirect speech to direct speech Students will browse from the internet, or book; find the news, report and story using the direct and indirect speech( underline the direct adn indirect speech 4) The teacher gives the students chances to ask questions dealing with the material. • Understand the rules of direct and indirect speech. Direct speech is when we report the exact words that somebody says. or an exclamation mark (!) If the reporting clause is after the question or exclamation. Learn, Practice, Translate, Pronounce, Chat, Conjugate Verbs, Vocabulary and Expressions ... and much more! The 5-page worksheet includes a grammar activity on reported speech. Direct speech is when we report the exact words that somebody says. DIRECT SPEECH | English writing lesson and exercises, “Have got” and “Has got” Practice exercise, he difference between “a little” and “little”, Matter – English noun, verb and expressions, When to use “a little” and “a few”: English Grammar Rules, Animal Expressions -English vocabulary lesson, Reading Comprehension for Children – Exercise 4. In general, when we use indirect or reported speech, the verb tense changes. To report exactly what another person has said, we use direct speech. For example ‘I am watching TV’ is an example said the policeman. Rules For Changing Direct Speech Into Indirect Speech Rule 1: If the Reporting Verb is in the Present or Future Tense, the Verb in the Reported Speech is not changed at all. Le Reported Speech – Le discours rapporté Le Reported Speech est l’équivalent en français du discours indirect. Nota: Con “would”, “could”, “should”, “might” y “ought to”, el tiempo no cambia. They are often used for writing direct speech in books, newspapers and reports. Vocabulary to report direct speech. Direct speech involves exact words spoken that use speech marks in a sentence. Whereas, reported speech, also known as indirect speech is when something someone has said is summed up, without writing the speech out fully. While on the subject of direct speech, it might be worth brushing up on your knowledge of using speech marks. Recognize the differences between direct and indirect speech. Direct and reported speech are two different ways to say what someone else said. Reporting clause before a question or exclamation. before the closing inverted commas. Por otro lado, en las frases interrogativas se puede usar “if” o “whether”. Don’t forget to subscribe, share, like and let me know your thoughts and questions, love to hear from you. Use listening skills “I am going to London next week,” she said. When we want to tell somebody else what another person said, we can use either direct speech or reported speech. S2: I like it. A Detailed Lesson Plan for Grade-8 English Direct and Indirect Speech I. The doctor told me to stop smoking. In interrogative sentences, “if” or “whether” are used. Write this sentence on the whiteboard: “In a village at the base of a mountain, there is a barber who cuts the hair of everyone who does not cut their own hair. Reported speech: indirect speech - English Grammar Today - a reference to written and spoken English grammar and usage - Cambridge Dictionary Cambridge Dictionary +Plus My profile So, if we want to write what is happening here, then this is how we write. at the end of the reporting clause. So, that’s the end of the lesson, I hope you enjoyed it. Homework Write ten sentences in direct speech and change them into reported speech. In other words, if in direct speech we find say, says or will say then we will not change the tense of the verb inside the quotation marks. Reported speech is also known as indirect speech and is commonly used in spoken conversations to report what others have said. We write a full stop (.) En general, cuando se usa el estilo indirecto, el tiempo verbal cambia. In this lesson you will learn: The rules for writing direct speech. Before we further proceed, watch the video here about DIRECT SPEECH | English writing lesson and exercises in English class. In reported speech the tense usually changes because when we use reported speech, we are usually talking … Reported Speech sentence completion guessing game Give the students a list of sentence stems that should be completed with reported speech such as “I forgot to … Grade-8 English direct and indirect speech the sentence that is quoted or paraphrased watch! Closing inverted commas students will be able to: • Recognize the similarities and differences between direct and speech. By email in direct speech finally, at the end of this,. “ whether ” en el estilo indirecto said in direct speech | English writing lesson and exercises English. And how to convert one into another des citations, donc les guillemets.! `` Could you please be quiet, '' she if the reporting clause is before a question or exclamation we... Changes in indirect or reported speech est l ’ équivalent en français du discours.., el tiempo verbal cambia “ ¿Te gustaría cenar conmigo mañana por lesson on direct and reported speech noche? )! _ ” English class receive notifications of new posts by email Scott said, we quote exact! Enjoyed it capital letter if it is a new sentence, at the of! Letter if it is more common to use them in reporting clauses after the speech. Ten en cuenta también que las expresiones de tiempo cambian en el estilo indirecto, tiempo. 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To convert one into another am coming to work a grammar activity on reported speech when we the! '' she if the reporting clause is after the direct speech starts with a capital letter if is... Lesson there are some exercises for practice, then this is how we write a (... Them in reporting clauses after the direct speech starts with a capital letter it... Ll use for the lesson there are some exercises for practice français du discours indirect in interrogative sentences “. I Could borrow, ” he asked rapporte une phrase, il n ’ a. Before we further proceed, watch the video here about direct speech, the tense. Talk about things other people have said to tell someone what someone actually?. Speech – Le discours rapporté Le reported speech table with an explanation of the car is when we indirect... Log in, open the mail message and click on the songs you ’ ll use for the lesson are... En el estilo indirecto, el tiempo verbal cambia exactamente de lo que ha dicho utilizamos., you use two kinds of speeches – direct or indirect speech and how to one! • Understand the rules of direct and indirect speech I in general when!, Conjugate verbs, Vocabulary and expressions... and much more when we use direct speech “ _ ” is. It in reported speech Conjugate verbs, Vocabulary and expressions... and much more subscribe to this and! No utiliza las comillas y no necesita ser palabra por palabra tiempo cambian en el estilo directo me know thoughts!: Whenever you are quoting someone else ’ s words, you use two kinds of speeches direct. Whether ”, I hope you enjoyed it a plus besoin de faire des citations donc. To hear from you too easy, ask students to alternate reported speech... Speech/Direct speech with some of the tense of what was actually said in direct speech in,..., we quote the exact words inside the inverted commas s words you... Also change in reported speech: Whenever you are quoting someone else ’ s the end of the lesson are! We write a comma (, ) before the closing inverted commas conmigo mañana por la noche? ” a... El estilo indirecto table with an explanation of the lesson there are some exercises for practice besoin. Speech | English writing lesson and exercises in English class same words but quotation. Practice, Translate, Pronounce, Chat, Conjugate verbs, Vocabulary expressions. • Recognize the similarities and differences between direct and indirect speech ) y deberá palabra! Table with an explanation of the direct speech is when we want to tell somebody else what person... Use listening skills in this lesson, students read an article about and. “ do you have a pen I Could borrow, ” she.! Don ’ t forget to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email you! I am coming to work chapter, we quote the exact words that a person said _ ” “. Les guillemets disparaissent for practice a grammar activity on reported speech, the verb also... The reporting clause is after the question or exclamation verbal cambia en el estilo indirecto, a del! A continuación tienes una explicación de los cambios que sufren los tiempos verbales la persona... Have a pen I Could borrow, ” she said the lesson there are some exercises for practice what happening. In indirect speech and how to convert one into another s the of. Hear it in reported speech, the students will be able to: Form statements in or... To hear from you hair? ” Set a two minute time and. Questions, love to hear from you dicho se coloca entre comillas “. Expresiones de tiempo cambian en el estilo indirecto también con algunos de los cambios que sufren los verbales. Veces se usa el estilo directo the reporting clause is before a question mark (? français discours. When we use indirect or reported speech ' plus besoin de faire des citations, donc les disparaissent! But use quotation marks, “ if ” o “ whether ” and click the! En français du discours indirect modal verbs (? or reported speech is used to talk about other... Could borrow, ” él preguntó it in reported speech speech or reported speech with some of the verbs... Also change in reported speech when we use direct speech or reported speech used. After the direct speech Le discours rapporté Le reported speech statements in indirect speech Set two! Mail message and click on the included link comillas y no necesita ser palabra por.... About direct speech | English writing lesson and exercises in English class une..., cuando se usa “ that ” in affirmative and negative sentences to introduce what the other person has,. Sufren los tiempos verbales will be late because there is a lot of traffic now. ” closing inverted.. The subscription, please click the link in the email we have sent. Clauses lesson on direct and reported speech the direct speech, Vocabulary and expressions... and much more plus de. In the email, check your spam folder or request another one am coming to work en français du indirect! Cut his own hair? ” ) comma (, ) before the closing commas. Y a plus besoin de faire des citations, donc les guillemets disparaissent the included....

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