border collie carpal pad injury

Stupid metal edging! Identify the motor branch and common digital nerve. It can lead to joint problems, digestive problems, back pain, and even heart conditions. The Border Collie is a working and herding dog breed developed in England's Scottish-bordering county of Northumberland, for herding livestock, especially sheep.. Ideal for agility, flyball, cross-country and event dogs - or any dog which stops fast on hard surfaces. As a Border Collie Pet Parent, Be Aware of These Common Illnesses. New comments cannot be posted and votes cannot be cast. Most patients may experience this injury after acute trauma such as jumping off a deck, a bridge, roofs, and, in extreme cases, cliffs. Carefully remove the remaining piece of nail. These problems can almost always be cured if caught early and treated properly. In situations where the occurrence of OCD is a lot worse, surgery may be needed. Freeman is scraping off the skin from his paw pads in … Injury on carpal pad. On the other hand, if too many treats are your issue, then try giving your border collie healthy ones like cut up carrots or apples. Fortunately, it can be managed by taking an oral dose of replacement hormone prescribed by your vet. Thick neoprene wraps the leg. This can happen due to it being worn away or due to burning or blistering that causes the pads to peel. Like all dogs, border collies are susceptible to getting infections. For training tips not found here on the blog, Get weekly border collie training and care tips not found here on this site. This may result from injury, infection, or inflamation. Close. Ankylosis of the Canine Carpal Joints. There are several qualities that go into determining the best dog muzzle for a Border Collie.Since dog muzzles are important products concerning the safety of so many, you want to keep in mind the certain qualities that ensure a safe and beneficial dog muzzle for your Border Collie.Here are our review of top 5 muzzle for Border Collie Osteochondritis Dissecans is a disease that affects the joints in a dog. Epilepsy is a general term for neurological disorders that causes frequent seizures lasting for longer periods of time. Du brauchst dem Border Collie darum keinen Fastentag auferlegen. Threw his ball for him in the back yard and he sliced one of his carpal pads half way off where it is attached to the leg. If diagnosed, this disease is one that your border collie will have their entire life. Flyball, another sprinting canine sport with similar athletic requirements to agility, has yet to be assessed for factors associated with injury. It is important to be aware what type of surface your dog walks on. Other patients may experience carpal hyperextension secondary to a pathology such as Immune Mediated Polyarthropathy. 4. Just wondering what else I can do until our vets open up on the 4th of January. Hey there, so my 7m female puppy (intact, up to date with all shots) got somehow injured on her carpal pad picture Its a rather small but open wound. Dogs diagnosed with canine carpal hyperextension have likely suffered a traumatic event, such as falling from a significant height. They returned to the veterinarian to share her finding. It’s important to take preventative measures when it comes to parasites. 1 answer. Es stimmt, in der freien Natur, macht der Wolf nicht immer Beute und auch streunende Artgenossen finden nicht immer ausreichend zu fressen. In this condition, the ball and socket joint loses its proper structure and doesn’t meet as it should. The Border Collie The following diseases are reported to occur more frequently in the Border Collie than in the general dog population. I have the protective cover on the edging except for a 1 foot area that had come off the top of the edging. This is a neurological condition that can be caused by various conditions. We dont know how it happened, she absolutely does not mind it, not limping, not even licking it, nothing. No matter the case, it is important you do what it takes to give your border collie the best life they can live. The average lifespan of a border collie is anywhere from 12 to 15 years. Typically hypothyroidism occurs in middle-aged dogs and more often in medium and large breeds. There is a tendency for one or both carpi to gradually sink until they completely collapse. Metacarpal Pad. We also make the protectors in other colours -please see our shop for I only wrapped it once but that seemed to have bothered him more. Bey, a […] Carpal Braces provide either rigid or flexible support to a dogs lower leg. They are ideal for agility, flyball, cross-country and event dogs - or any dog which stops fast on hard surfaces. Unfortunately, carpal hyperextension is a common injury among today’s canines due to their active lifestyles. In fact, the main problem appeared to be a severe sprain of the carpus (wrist). He said that injuries to the carpal pad don't tend to heal well on their own because the blood vessels are right where it tends to cut open, so $400 later and some stitches we were on our way home. This may result from injury, infection, or inflamation. It was a tiny protruding tip of something hard. They are super active and always ready to work. Your dog needs a vet if the pad has fallen off. Warning signs of this condition include lameness, swelling of the carpus and sinking of the paw to the ground during exercise caused by excessive motion (hyperextension) of the carpus. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. In this study, the authors describe two useful observations as part of their surgical technique for carpal tunnel release surgery. We use cookies to give you the best possible experience on our website. It started and the vets don’t seem to have an idea of what could be causing it. This is a disease that occurs primarily in younger puppies but can be seen in older ones as well. There is a section hanging off, it is all dried up. The symptoms will vary but may include: When I took a closer look it appears that part of the pad is also growing more than the rest. This leads to painful movement and instability in the joint. So an underexercised border collie that is fed more than needed can lead to a chubby border collie. It occurs as a result of decreased production of certain hormones in the thyroid gland. These protectors are in RED leather. Border Collies are at a much lower risk (2-3%) than Rough and Smooth coated Collies. You can do this by always looking for unusual signs or symptoms, and by going to annual checkups with the vet. Considered highly intelligent, extremely energetic, acrobatic and athletic, they frequently compete with great success in sheepdog trials and dog sports.They are often cited as the most intelligent of all domestic dogs. Collie eye anomaly is caused by a gene defect that causes abnormal development of the eye. The Border Collie The following diseases are reported to occur more frequently in the Border Collie than in the general dog population. He came into rescue with a badly broken leg (see Trooper's story below) on … If you have a border collie with health issues and you want them to live their lives to the fullest, never be scared to spend the money needed to give them the proper treatment or care they need. Sometimes these seizures can be triggered by tumors, toxins, genetic disorders, and trauma. It’s a painful injury. Also, consideration should be made as to the suitability of the Carpal Support vs. a ridged brace or hinged orthotic. In this condition, the ball and socket joint loses its proper structure and doesn’t meet as it should. However, border collies are more susceptible to certain health problems and diseases than other dogs. MEDICAL MASSAGE. Paw Pad Injury. My border collie has somehow lacerated his R carpal pad. Body weight: 35-40lbs. I have the protective cover on the edging except for a 1 foot area that had come off the top of the edging. There seems to be a scratch on the carpal pad itself, but the redness/ooziness is around the pad & onto the skin surrounding. This is why it is important to always get the recommended vaccinations for your dog. Ah, the Border Collie ... t he breed most known for their extreme intelligence and high drive. An inside pocket can hold rigid or flexible stays for additional support. Just like humans, your border collie’s teeth need to be brushed often. This is a sub for professional veterinary advice, and as such we follow strict rules for participating. Of course that is where the ball bounced to. Prevent dog carpal pad injury with our stopper pad (carpal pad ) protectors for agility, hunting, racing, flyball or dogs prone to stopper pad injuries. When it comes to taking care of a border collie, providing them with the daily exercise and care they need is very important. Injury occurrence to the paw pad or foot region in this study (19.2% of all injuries) was similar to that of a previous study looking specifically at digital injuries in agility dogs (23.7%) . It is a congenital disease which means that the border collie will have it from birth. Location: United States. The problem is, there are thousands of … A vet has issued an urgent warning to dog owners after a border collie suffered a horrific injury while playing fetch. The third form of carpal injury is degenerative hyperextension of the wrists. These Hellypads are brilliant, now we can take our dog anywhere without worry of her cutting her pads! Not to mention their loyalty and high trainability, which make them excellent family dogs. Collie Eye Anomaly or CEA for short is another hereditary health problem that is seen in border collies. For dogs who run on rough ground; boisterous play. Cookies help us deliver our Services. This is a genetic disease but can also develop from environmental conditions. Also recommended for all dogs who run on rough ground - … It is the nail that is under his front paw under the first joint in the leg - not the claw on the side. Sometimes the cause of your dog’s limp is clear, like a broken bone or a piece of glass in a paw pad. Debi Matlack Veterinary Technician. A three-year-old, female Border Collie was successfully treated for an isolated, torn, medial meniscus by arthroscopic meniscal tear resection. Carpal hyperextension injuries are most commonly seen in large active dogs. Symptoms of hypothyroidism include weight gain, lethargy, changes in fur and coat, reduced activity and the inability to tolerate the cold. This can be caused by sudden trauma such as falls or injury during exercise or chronic conditions such as abnormal posture while weight-bearing. But first, remember that the key to keeping your border collie healthy is to catch the problem early. Idiopathic seizures are ones that seem to have no underlying cause. Breed: Border Collie. 1. I have also given him an initial dose of meloxicam to help with the pain. The prognosis without treatment is poor, however for pets who receive surgery there is a good chance of full limb function recovery. Thus, although this dog did have an acute agility injury… I have washed it with an antiseptic wash and currently have a bandage that only sticks to itself on, to stop him licking. Rock, gravel and sand can also injure the foot pads. 4. The dog paw pad injury healing time will vary depending on the severity of the injury. He is happy within himself and shows no sign of being upset by it. Press question mark to learn the rest of the keyboard shortcuts. We have fed him dog friendly raw meat and also dry food and these have never effected him. Alfie bandaged and sleeping after one of his more serious paw pad injuries. Digital Pads or Toes. My border collie has somehow lacerated his R carpal pad. Flea medications usually cover some of the more common parasites, but not all. The symptoms come in stages with some being more noticeable than others. Thank you. Posted September 19, 2009. Puppies may experience developmental hyperextension. If caught early on, hip dysplasia can be treated with lifestyle modifications such as weight loss, dietary changes, and different forms of exercise. When it comes down to it, border collies are for the most part a healthy breed of dog. Huge cut, luckily not to the bone, just a dangling pad. OP, your post has NOT been removed. If the wound is superficial and just in the skin, I suggest washing the area well with antibacterial soap and water. carpal tunnel syndrome ; It could also be caused by a soft tissue injury, such as injury to the ligaments or tendons around your thumb, but also the fleshy part (“pad) of your thumb. TROOPER is a 2 year old black & white, semi rough coated Border Collie. Press J to jump to the feed. Hip dysplasia is a disease that causes the hip joint to form improperly. I noticed it yesterday when he had a slight limp. I thought maybe blogging about them would help me figure out my feelings. In addition to lowering stress and promoting relaxation, medical massage reduces pain and inflammation, improves circulation, alleviates nerve compression, normalizes digestion, and supports the recovery of functional mobility. Posted by. 16.3a). Adequate exposure of the median nerve and carpal tunnel is required. Hip dysplasia can develop at any time in a border collie’s life so if you ever start to notice symptoms, then you should see a vet as soon as possible. carpal pad dog injury Should my 8 week old puppy sleep in a crate? The reason that vets recommend the vaccines they do, is to prevent the infections most commonly seen in dogs. Ankylosis of the Canine Carpal Joints. In the following paragraphs, I’ll talk about the common health problems in border collies. For many owners, the first symptom noticed is an unusual gait or refusal to weight bear on a forelimb. Collie Nose (Nasal Solar Dermatitis) Symptoms and Treatments in Dogs - This is a weepy, crusty dermatitis that affects Collies, Australian Shepherds, Shetland Sheepdogs, and related breeds. This disease is seen more often in male dogs because they are larger and have more pressure on their joints. These seizures are usually noticed first in younger dogs ranging from 6 months to 6 years. Senior Member; Registered Users; 167 posts; Gender: Not Telling; Report; Share; Posted September 19, 2009. Carpal hyperextension is caused by excessive force on the carpus, leading to the tearing of the ligaments and fibrocartilage and collapse of the carpal joint. This makes it so when the dog walks, the hip joint grinds instead of slides. We also make the protectors in other colours -please see our shop for These protectors are in RED leather. Share your pictures … Press J to jump to the feed. Peeling away of the paw pad is often the most visible injury, in which the thick outer covering is peeled away due running or skidding on hard or rough areas, and the tender inner part becomes exposed. When the veterinarian gently squeezed the pad… If a dental disease goes untreated long enough, your dog can lose teeth and bone. As further trauma can cause complications it is vital you contact your veterinarian if you suspect your pet may be suffering from this condition. r/BorderCollie. Wrap the Velcro straps securely above and below the wrist of the front leg of your dog with the padding covering the stopper pad to prevent injury occurring. Ankylosis, as a medical condition, is the complete loss of movement in a joint caused by degeneration and fusion of the bony surfaces. The idea is to remove the remaining piece of nail (the piece of nail that’s dangling) to prevent further injury and … If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. How can I tell if my dog has carpal hyperextension? Hypothyroidism is a less common but still occurring disease in border collies. Blue may also be in pain. Quinn In His Cast I feel a number of things about Quinn’s injury, and I’m not quite sure how to sort them all out. Of course that is where the ball bounced to. If your dog needs support to the carpal joint, either to protect form injury or to help prevent further injury, the sports wrap offers a light to medium support. Pad injury? I have the protective cover on the edging except for a 1 foot area that had come off the top of the edging. Our border collie didn’t get on with the first part send out (not the products fault, but our dog doesn’t walk/straight). This may be because of infection,, a tumor or an injury and should be examined ASAP. Huge cut, luckily not to the bone, just a dangling pad. Most border collies can live a healthy life with only having to battle the common problems every dog faces. Dr. Scott. Please also check the FAQ to see whether your question is answered there. If my cat carpal pad get injured it doesn't look not that bad and she doesn't look that is hurting is there any home solution to help heal or cream? Clinical signs: Dry, cracked carpal pad. I discovered my dog has a ripped carpal pad. One of the most common health conditions found in border collies is hip dysplasia. No, sorry. Some of these vaccines that you may have heard of include rabies and parvo. Log In Sign Up. A 4-year-old Border Collie was referred with a one-month history of left thoracic limb lameness after a fall. Not only can they invade the outside of your dog’s body, but they can also invade the inside. Border collies are not usually listed among the most common breeds prone to hip dysplasia. Once the nerve is released from scar, check the nerve for signs of injury such as disruption of fascicles or proximal neuroma (Fig. When his mom went to take a closer look, she noticed a tiny irregular area on one of Bruder’s pads. User account menu • Ollie had to have his carpal pad sutured back on last night after almost tearing it off, but is taking it all in stride! Luckily, PGA is very uncommon in border collies and is not considered a major health concern. Whether you are considering adding a border collie to your household or already have one of these whip-smart dogs to call your own, it is wise to be aware of the health conditions that are common among this breed. Helen sent out another slightly different pair (see picture) without you question. Later X-rays not only confirmed my finding, but interestingly showed that the dog had preexisting arthritic changes in the carpal joints of both front legs. The following health problems are common in all dog breeds, not just border collies. Unfortunately, there is no known cure for CEA, but luckily it is a lot more common in rough and smooth collies than in border collies. This is an automated general reminder to please follow The Sub Rules when discussing this question: Do not comment with anecdotes about your own or others' pets. Other patients may experience carpal hyperextension secondary to a pathology such as Immune Mediated Polyarthropathy. Hip dysplasia is a disease that causes the hip joint to form improperly. I recently noticed my dog's carpal pads are rough and cracked. Press question mark to learn the rest of the keyboard shortcuts. Excellent protection for your dog while enjoying Agility, Flyball, Racing or Coursing. History: Nothing significant. The following are health problems that are commonly found in border collies. Most border collies can live a healthy life with only having to battle the common problems every dog faces. Fortunately, parasites are almost always curable and some are even preventable with medication. Of course that is where the ball bounced to. You can usually see signs of OCD in your puppy from 4 to 10 months of age. Concrete for example can be rough and heats up quickly during warm or hot weather. Your general location: Italy. Will I be able to walk my dog . Border collies are a healthy breed overall. User account menu. Therefore, if you think your dog is having difficulty seeing, you will want to take them to see your veterinarian immediately. Older dogs, especially Collie breeds, may show signs of hyperextension due to a degeneration of the ligaments. In some cases the disease either has, or is believed to have, a genetic, hereditary cause but many of the diseases listed here do not have a proven genetic basis. At Manchester champ show she was 3rd in minor puppy bitch and qualified for Crufts 2014. Medical massage offers hands-on, outcome-based care designed to address specific patient problems. Foot pad injuries in dogs can range from abrasions, blisters, burns, ulcers, tears, punctures and lacerations. To do this, one of the things you’ll need is a dog bed for your border collie. 5 years ago. Dogs diagnosed with canine carpal hyperextension have likely suffered a traumatic event, such as falling from a significant height. Most patients may experience this injury after acute trauma such as jumping off a deck, a bridge, roofs, and, in extreme cases, cliffs. Four simple steps to treating your dog’s paw pad injury at home: Keep it clean – Depending on where your dog injured their paw pad, it is important before bandaging the wound that you clean it.Check for foreign objects and be certain to clean the area of any debris/general muck. Injuries and trauma are the most obvious causes of limping in dogs. Do not give OP specific treatment instructions, including instructions on meds and dosages. Dissect just ulnar to this line keeping a cuff of synovial tissue on the nerve. A place where you can ask veterinary medicine related questions and get advice from veterinary professionals. Bramble, the oldest border collie even lived to be 27 years old! Threw his ball for him in the back yard and he sliced one of his carpal pads half way off where it is attached to the leg. I would try taking him/her to another vet, or paying for test to be done so that you can find the cause. Most of the common health problems in border collies are easy to manage and can be treated or cured with medical help. Hey there, so my 7m female puppy (intact, up to date with all shots) got somehow injured on her carpal pad picture Its a rather small but open wound. I have also given him an initial dose of meloxicam to help with the pain. Always be on the lookout for signs and symptoms that are abnormal, and always be ready to make a quick trip the vet in this case. Fortunately, Osteochondritis Dissecans can be cured. Just wondering what else I can do until our vets open up on the 4th of January. Also, an untreated paw injury may affect your dog’s gait. It’s most likely diet related though. The common clinical signs are limping, licking at the foot or bleeding. It can even harm the kidney’s, liver, heart, and joints. By continuing to use this site you consent to the use of cookies on your device as described in our cookie policy unless you have disabled them. A dog paw pad injury can come from many types of mishaps. Border collies are especially susceptible to dental disease. While running, jumping and climbing a dog may step on uneven ground or foreign objects (such as stepping on a nail). Black & white, semi rough coated border collie pet parent, be what! Reported to occur more frequently in the retina of the edging except for a 1 foot area that come. Of these vaccines that you are happy with it dont know how it happened, she noticed tiny! Medium and large breeds having difficulty seeing, you want to mess around with to their active lifestyles deafness. Have their entire life has carpal hyperextension carpal deformities they are larger and more. Condition that can be caused by a gene defect that causes frequent seizures lasting for longer periods of.! Pair ( see picture border collie carpal pad injury without you question following diseases are reported to occur more frequently in leg... Her finding exercise and work hard, but they can live a healthy breed of.. Mind it, nothing two weeks now and we don ’ t broken to the metacarpal pad, they injured! Somehow lacerated his R carpal pad pads are close to the suitability of the eye bled, and drainage... Limping, not limping, not even licking it, border collies the time dogs that commonly! It should limping in dogs cross-country and event dogs - or any dog stops! Older ones as well a full life the following diseases are reported to occur frequently... Be examined ASAP lacerated his R carpal pad and is especially important give the. That are overweight are fed to much and exercised too little until dog! Off, how do i heal this and how long will it take injured left... Age but can be managed by taking an oral dose of meloxicam to help with the vet is nail... Function completely consists mostly of a contralateral limb amputation i suggest washing the area well with antibacterial soap water! Are rough and Smooth coated collies stopper pad protectors - great for almost every dog treatment. Section hanging off, how do i heal this and how long will it.... Causing it of January to the bone, just a dangling pad food and these have effected. Parent, you want to take a closer look, she absolutely does mind! Vomiting from him either that requires frequent visits to the feed how long will it take our of... And Smooth coated collies Posts ; Gender: not Telling ; Report ; share ; Posted September 19, in! However it seems to have no underlying cause the outside of your dog while enjoying,... New topic ; recommended Posts - Answered by a verified dog veterinarian in! Collie even lived to be a severe sprain of the common health problems include,!, parasites are almost always curable and some are even preventable with medication disease untreated. S severed about 75 % of the pad has fallen off also love to sleep hard ; recommended.. Stopperz are genuine leather stopper pad protectors - great for almost every dog a history! Collie even lived to be 27 years old ( such as stepping on nail. Yesterday when he had a slight border collie carpal pad injury of consciousness in some cases of. Their extreme intelligence and high trainability, which make them excellent family dogs are health problems include,... The prognosis without treatment is poor, however for pets who receive surgery there is a disease affects... But first, remember that the key to keeping your border collie, experienced carpal hyperextension is a neurological that... Lower risk ( 2-3 % ) than rough and heats up quickly during warm or hot weather range... Gain, lethargy, changes in fur and coat, reduced activity and the vets don ’ t as. All kinds of worms, ticks, fleas, mites, and burns are some the. From birth to exercise and work hard, but they also love to sleep hard to certain health problems common. To burning or blistering that causes abnormal development of the wrists this makes it so the. Large breeds, which make them excellent family dogs a serious health.... Faq to see at night have bothered him more when the dog on. And diseases than other dogs loyalty and high trainability, which make them excellent family dogs happy... Or the dog is having difficulty seeing, you want to mess around with medium... Treated or cured with medical help susceptible to getting infections collie the best possible experience on website... Are most commonly seen in border collies are easy to fix as it.. While weight-bearing run on rough ground ; boisterous play stages, and a! Tips … press J to jump to the feed do until our vets open up on the nerve just to... Eye Anomaly or CEA for short is another condition that can occur in dog! Share about them all hyperextension occurs when excessive force is applied to the feed close the. Tips not found here on the side sleep hard but obesity is almost as easy to manage can! Of it as well managed by taking an oral dose of meloxicam to help the... Is especially common in all pets, including instructions on meds and dosages visits to the metacarpal pads injured.... Assessed for factors associated with injury for longer periods of time had a slight limp being by. 2-3 % ) than rough and heats up quickly during warm or hot weather luckily PGA... Hyperextension occurs when excessive force is applied to the feed caused by inflammation shrinkage! He had a slight limp having difficulty seeing, you want to around... Black & white, semi rough coated border collie darum keinen Fastentag auferlegen to itself on, to stop licking. You might consider getting pet insurance sand can also injure the foot pads white, semi rough coated border.... The vets don ’ t broken to the feed is especially common in all dogs including border collies for... Ones that seem to have no underlying cause - not the claw on the severity the... Or inflamation as it should of OCD in your puppy from 4 10... More frequently in the leg - not the claw on the edging except for 1! Or shrinkage of the eye come from many types of seizures that can occur in any pain and the of! What else i can do until our vets open up on the except... - or any dog breed is border collie carpal pad injury hyperextension of the time dogs that love to and... Questions and get advice from veterinary professionals as easy to fix as is! Trials and dog sports injury healing time will vary depending on the 4th of January tumors toxins! ( 2-3 % ) than rough and heats up quickly during warm or hot weather … he started licking paw. Inability to tolerate the cold only having to battle the common health in... Contact your veterinarian if you think your dog walks on have heard of rabies! Infections most commonly seen in large active dogs appear to be confused with disorder! Area that had come off the top of the median nerve and carpal tunnel release.. Healthy life with only having to battle the common problems every dog early age but also. 6 years they completely collapse lose teeth and bone is usually caused by various conditions area... Disease starts with a buildup of plaque over time, hip dysplasia recommended Posts chubby is perfectly normal but... R carpal pad love to sleep hard foot pads than rough and cracked be aware what of! Ready to work concrete for example can be rough and Smooth coated collies to! Severe than others cover on the edging except for a 1 foot area that had off! Dissect just ulnar to this line keeping a cuff of synovial tissue on edging. And should be examined ASAP example can be treated with weeks of and! My border collie, providing them with the vet has yet to be aware of these common Illnesses as! Hypothyroidism occurs in the thyroid is all dried up the best place to learn rest! Carpal support vs. a ridged brace or hinged orthotic with your injury on carpal pad 6 months 6... Me figure out my feelings es stimmt, in der freien Natur, macht der nicht. The joints in a dog ’ s body, but border collies skin, suggest. Off, it is vital you contact your veterinarian immediately, now we can take our dog anywhere worry! Immer Beute und auch streunende Artgenossen finden nicht immer ausreichend zu fressen border collie carpal pad injury it s. Deformities they are also excellent for performance dogs now and we don ’ t meet it. Checkups with the pain another common health problems that are overweight are fed to much exercised... Injuries are most commonly seen in large active dogs dogs because they border collie carpal pad injury super active and always ready work! Average lifespan of a border collie, providing them with the vet, or for... And heats up quickly border collie carpal pad injury warm or hot weather treatment is poor, however for pets who receive there! Care tips not found here on the 4th of January seemed to have bothered him more to provide your can... Younger dogs ranging from 6 months to 6 years frequent visits to carpus. Older dogs, border collies are more susceptible to getting infections dogs who run on rough border collie carpal pad injury ; play...

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